• Canadian Critical Care Trials Group
    The Canadian Critical Care Trials Group (CCCTG) is a highly collegial group that is dedicated to the pursuit of excellence and advancement of critical care research in Canada.
  • Canadian Critical Care Trials Group
    The CCCTG has are more than 30 research programs underway and over 100 peer-reviewed publications to its credit, with direct impact on clinical practice in critical care.
  • Canadian Critical Care Trials Group
    The Canadian Critical Care Trials Group (CCCTG) is a national organization of more than 300 individuals with research interests in the management of the critically ill patient.
  • Canadian Critical Care Trials Group
    Endorsement by the CCCTG communicates our full commitment to ensure that the work is undertaken in a rigorous and ethical manner, and communicated in a timely and effective way.

Principal Investigator(s)


A Rishu



BALANCE — Bacteremia Antibiotic Length Actually Needed for Clinical Effectiveness


Nick Daneman, Robert Fowler, John Marshall, Michael Detsky, Elizabeth Wilcox, Deborah Cook, Bram Rochwerg, Richard Whitlock, Emilie Belley-Côté, Claudio Martin, John Muscedere, Lauralyn McIntyre, Francois Lamontagne, Francois Lauzier, Pierre Aslanian, Emmanuel Charbonney, Anand Kumar, Henry T. Stelfox, Sean Bagshaw, Steve Reynolds, Peter Dodek, Richard Hall

International collaborators
Australia and New Zealand – S. Webb, Y. Shehabi, S. McGuinness, C. McArthur, Rachael Parke,
France – E. Azoulay, A. Mercat
Germany – F. Bloos
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia – Y. Arabi, B. Alraddadi,  I. Qushmaq, E. Alqasim, M. Al-Wassia
Switzerland – P. Eggimann, J.L. Pagani, L. Guihard
United Kingdom – T. Walsh, J. Simpson, P. Dark, T. Hellyer, M. Gillies, F. Julie, K. L. Bedwell, T. Evans
United States – The USCIIT group

Participating Centers

Sunnybrook Hospital, St. Michael's Hospital, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto Western Hospital, St. Joseph's Healthcare, Juravinski Hospital, McMaster University, London Health Sciences Centre, Kingston General Hospital, The Ottawa Hospital, Centre de recherche du CHUS, Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec, Centre hospitalier de l'université de Montréal (CHUM), CSSS of Trois-Rivières, Hôpital du, Sacré-Coeur de Montréal (HSCM), Winnipeg Regional Health, Foothills hospital, University of Calgary, University of Alberta Hospital, Royal Columbian Hospital, St. Paul's Hospital, Queen Elizabeth II