• Canadian Critical Care Trials Group
    The Canadian Critical Care Trials Group (CCCTG) is a highly collegial group that is dedicated to the pursuit of excellence and advancement of critical care research in Canada.
  • Canadian Critical Care Trials Group
    The CCCTG has are more than 30 research programs underway and over 100 peer-reviewed publications to its credit, with direct impact on clinical practice in critical care.
  • Canadian Critical Care Trials Group
    The Canadian Critical Care Trials Group (CCCTG) is a national organization of more than 300 individuals with research interests in the management of the critically ill patient.
  • Canadian Critical Care Trials Group
    Endorsement by the CCCTG communicates our full commitment to ensure that the work is undertaken in a rigorous and ethical manner, and communicated in a timely and effective way.

Principal Investigator(s)


Deanna Koot



Teams 4 Kids

“Teams4Kids” is a research program led by Elaine Gilfoyle looking at whether the performance of pediatric resuscitation (code blue) team members can be improved by participating in a simulation-based course designed to learn teamwork. The majority of errors that occur in health care are due to human factors, not from a lack of knowledge or equipment failure. Human factors involve aspects of our performance related to personality, communication style, biases, cultural and religious backgrounds, etc. Training on teamwork may help minimize errors related to these human factors.

The “Teams4Kids” research program is divided into the following phases:
  1. Needs Assessment (complete)
  2. Development, Implementation & Evaluation of Course at Alberta Children’s Hospital (complete)
  3. Implementation & Evaluation of Course across Canada (ongoing)
  4. Effect of training on real-life resuscitation team performance (future)
The research program has previously been funded by a Medical Education Research Grant from the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada for Phase 1 (needs assessment) and is currently being funded by the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada and Canadian Institutes for Health Research for Phase 3 (evaluation of course) which is currently ongoing at:
  • Alberta Children’s Hospital, Calgary
  • Stollery Children’s Hospital, Edmonton
  • Sick Kids Hospital, Toronto
  • Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa
  • McGill University, Montreal
For further information, see the Teams4Kids Website.


John Annear, Farhan Bhanji, Adam Cheng, Jonathan Duff, Ronald Gottesman, Estee C Grant, Vincent J Grant, Anna-Theresa Lobos, Cecilia St. George-Hyslop, Hilary Writer

Participating Centers

Alberta Children's Hospital, Stollery Children's Hospital, Sick Kids Hospital, CHEO (Ottawa), Montreal Children's Hospital